COVID-19 is a disease caused by the virus called severe acute respiratory syndrome 2 coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). SARS-CoV-2 is a new strain of coronavirus that was not detected in humans until December 2019.
The current COVID-19 outbreak broke out in late 2019 and was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on March 11, 2020. It is the first pandemic caused by a coronavirus.
There are many different types of coronaviruses. Although they mainly affect animals, some can infect humans.
Below is a list of medicines authorized in the European Union (EU) to treat or prevent COVID-19, following a scientific evaluation by the European Medicines Agency (EMA). It provides details of other potential treatments and vaccines that the EMA is evaluating or supporting during research and development.